The NAT configuration (Network Address Translation) is a subject that has caused many headaches. To play online on PlayStation 4, you need to make sure that you can connect well to games and use PSN without problems. Chances are you’ve experienced crashes, slowdowns, and the much-hated lag. If so, we help you improve the connection!
For starters, there are three types of NAT: Type 1 or open, Type 2 or moderate, and Type 3 or strict. The most convenient NAT is that of Type 2, the moderate one, since it is a good balance between flexibility in Internet connection and security. Type 3 has many disadvantages for your experience onlinei. Type 1 can put you in a very vulnerable position on networks, but you will have a more direct connection to the Internet.
It is possible that, entering the PS4 options, it informs you that the NAT is already Type 2. However, if you still have problems, it is that you need to modify some details. If you want to improve the experience on-line, follow this little guide to know how to change the NAT of PS4 in the most recommended way.
Step 1 – Assign a static IP to your PS4
It is essential to assign an IP to your PlayStation 4 that is static, that is, that it does not change randomly. To go through the whole process of improving connectivity and ensuring it always works for you, you’ll need to use a fixed IP. In order to know the IP to use, it is best to enter the settings of your PS4.
Go to “Settings > System > System information”. You will see a few sections such as the name or the software, but the important thing is IP adress. Write this number on a piece of paper, on your mobile, anywhere!
Then go to “Settings > Network > Set up Internet connection”. Choose the way to connect, either by WiFi or network cable. When asked how you want to set up the connection, choose personalized and subsequently, Handbook.
Once that’s done, modify the numbers as follows:
- IP adress: write the IP that you have previously noted.
- Subnet mask: put 255.255.255.0.
- Gateway (name may change): is the address of your router. It is usually 192.168.1.1 or 192.168.0.1, but you should check it in the manual of your router or on the labels behind it router. Save it for later too!
- Primary and Secondary DNS: you should find them in your service contract from the company that provides you with the Internet connection, by calling the company, in the same router or searching web pages. If not, many users recommend using Google’s DNS, which is 126.96.36.199 for the primary and 188.8.131.52 for the secondary.
If it asks you about MTU settings later, select Automatic. The last thing is the Proxy Server. It is usual to choose Do not use but, if you use Proxy, you will have to choose the Use option and configure it yourself. We do not cover this aspect in this article.
Once this is done, you will have a fixed IP address assigned to your PS4. It will always be the same even if you turn off the console and turn it on again. Thanks to this detail, it will be easier to change the NAT on PS4 and configure it better to have a more stable connection. Let’s go to the next step!
Step 2 – Open the ports manually
If you’re wondering what ports are, we’ll get to that point! For the moment, what interests you is to recover the data of the IP address of your router. As we said before, in general it is usually 192.168.1.1 or 192.168.0.1, but it can vary. When you have the address in hand, you should go to your PC, open a browser and enter the address as if it were a web page.
This will allow you to enter the configuration of your router. To do this, you will need the username and password, which were shared when contracting the service. If you changed the data, enter the new credentials. In case you don’t remember, you can always call the supplier company.
When you are within the options of the router, first look for the section of UPnP, within the advanced settings, and make sure it is activated. Once UPnP has been checked and enabled, the next step will be to go to the section of NAT, port-forwarding or one that allows you to open and configure connection ports. There are different sections to take into account.
IP address of the server
In this slot you will need to write the IP address you designated for your PS4, not your router! It is important that you go back to the IP noted first and enter it here. Otherwise, this whole process is useless.
Ports and protocol
Finally, there are a series of ports that you will have to open on your router to communicate directly with your PS4 and services on-line. In general, you will see several columns with titles such as External / Internal Port, that is, External and Internal Ports. It will also ask you to select the protocol. But what ports should be put in the columns?
In the following table, we show you which ports you should put and how it should look in your configuration of the router (may vary, but base is the same):
|External Port||Internal Port||Protocol||IP adress|
|80||80||TCP||IP of your PS4|
|443||443||TCP||IP of your PS4|
|5223||5223||TCP||IP of your PS4|
|3478||3478||TCP and UDP||IP of your PS4|
|3479||3479||TCP and UDP||IP of your PS4|
|3480||3480||PDU||IP of your PS4|
With this done, all you have to do is save your settings, go back to your PS4 and try it out!
Important note: For some games, you will need to open more specific ports just for them. The ones we have placed in the table are the generals of the PSN. If a game keeps giving you trouble, you may need to check which extra ports to open. There are different people and web pages that are responsible for informing about the ports to open in your router, such as PortForward. Seek and you will find!
By following these steps, you may not get to NAT 2 or 1. Unfortunately, every PS4, router and internet provider is a different world. What works for many, others may need to try different configurations. Finally, we always recommend that you use a network cable to connect your PS4 directly to the Internet. With Wi-Fi, the connection is often leaky.